Using sources in a research paper

Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red: Notice also that I placed the date Using sources in a research paper the book was published directly after the author's name in parentheses--this is proper APA format.

How to Cite Sources in a Research Paper

Books can be found on your school or public library website. Collecting sources for a research paper can sometimes be a daunting task.

They work well for both humanities and scientific papers. Your purpose is to report the key elements of the argument, or the essential aspects of the thesis, not to represent every detail of it.

Final research question 5. Using Search Engines Wisely!

Finding Sources

You need to make each quote a part of your essay by introducing it beforehand and commenting on it afterward. The Modern Language Association of America, Are they applicable to the topic of the article?

When you are telling someone about the reactions of two of your friends to a movie, you might say, "When we got out of the movie, Tom's first comment was 'that was really boring,' but Alex said that she enjoyed it.

Copy quotations exactly as they appear, and record all the information you will need for citations and a list of references.

Trustees of Hamilton College. The summary must be in your own phrases and sentences. Google Scholar also has link under each posting to help you find related articles.

Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article. What changes do you need to make in order to account for the available sources? If you begin a quotation in mid-paragraph, there is no indention. Use a dictionary to check the actual meanings of words that you use as synonyms.

They work well for both humanities and scientific papers. There are only three ellipses marks used in this sentence. As your instructor reads your essay, he or she should clearly be able to see which sentences, facts, or sections of your essay came from Source A, Source B, or Source C, etc.

How can I find good sources for my research paper?

Your task in the paper is to guide your readers toward the same interpretation or explanation of the data as you have reached. The Terms of Use explains the specific permissions granted.

Remember to check with your instructor if you are unsure whether to cite information. This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles.

A. Finding Sources

The revised paragraph below makes everything clear. Having done so, you must think about what you are going to say in your research essay.

Before you can write an effective paraphrase, you must fully understand the original text. If it is over four lines it should be set apart from the text, indented, and not placed in quotation marks almost all methods of citation require it to be double spaced and in the same font as the rest of the paper.

Once you have learned how to summarize and paraphrase, you need to read Section 3 so that you also know how to incorporate the material into your paper without accidentally plagiarizing. Print Print sources are the most traditional form of research paper sources. No comma is necessary to introduce the quoted phrase.

You need to remember, though, that your readers haven't immersed themselves in the conversation as much as you have. For footnotes, the citation follows the period, e. The full or partial citation might be provided in parenthesis at the end of the borrowed material, or it might be provided in a numbered footnote or endnote, but it must be provided.

However, as a writer you should be aware that this more manageable chunks and easily become vague and weigh your paper down with fluff.

Using Sources

Since you must copy the quotation verbatim, you should insert the name after the pronoun to clarify who you are talking about. The trick is to weed out the unreliable information. Start with your core list, but also add other keywords and phrases that you notice as you research.Another reason why Wikipedia should not be cited in an academic research paper is that it aims to be like an encyclopedia–a source of reference information, not scholarly research or primary or secondary sources.

Citing sources. When writing a research paper, it is important to cite the sources you used in a way such that a reader could find them.

These are the most common formats for citing sources. If you are unsure what style to use, ask your professor. APA: American Psychological Association.

It depends on the audience of your research paper. If you read the same fact in multiple sources, then you wouldn’t have to cite it, since for your audience it would. Jan 08,  · Edit Article How to Research a Paper.

In this Article: Sample Research Papers Community Q&A Got a big research paper to write? Properly researching your paper can seem like a mammoth task, but it's not nearly as daunting if you break it down into steps%(92).

Types of Sources for a Research Paper

Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.

The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.g., (Clarke ). As we have already explained, in college-level research papers, as in published papers, it is unacceptable to put large chunks of other people's prose into your own words without citing them.

Nor can you take sentences, substitute a few synonyms and call them summaries.

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Using sources in a research paper
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